Canada is situated at the north end of the American continent. Its territory ranges from the Atlantic Ocean towards the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and also to the north to the Arctic Ocean. It occupies nearly half of the North American territory as it is the 2nd largest country after Russia. It borders in the United States to the south, and to the northwest with its federal government state Alaska.
It is known that the place was initially occupied by Inuits. At an archaeological level, there is proof that the first natives who first arrived at Canada, did so by crossing a land bridge which had formed in between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age around 40,000 years ago (More on: canadian visa application ).
History shows that the first European contact the nation got was made thanks to the pursuit created by the Italian John Cabot, who had been cruising after the instructions of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot ran into the eastern Canadian coast and also acquired it for the King. This journey, along with subsequent one in 1498, gave England the justification to discover a great number of the eastern part of ??North America; the truth is, they consequently claimed Newfoundland, Cape Breton and nearby regions based on the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French explorer, Jacques Cartier, was assigned by King Francisco to make a trip in pursuit of the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to locate wealth like those they had seen in Inca and Aztec place, in other words, they were focused on searching for gold above all else, but Cartier just uncovered “stones and some awful and steep rocks” based on what exactly he told in the diary.
Cartier persisted discovering and landed on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), whose territory he claimed for France. French people loved their luxurious monopoly for a few decades, but in 1670 British appeared with the goal of forging a monopoly of the fur trade, which led to a legal discussion among those who had on their part the discussions on land possession. Nonetheless, the balance leaned towardsBritain and also France ceded Canada to the English Crown through theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
After that, the federal government passed the Constitutional Law of 1791 that divided the place directly into two British colonies identified as Upper Canada (currently the southern area of Ontario) and Lower Canada (presently the southern area of Quebec). Lower Canada retained French civil laws, but the two provinces were governed with the British penal code. Each and every colony had its designated ruler and was free to select its cabinet or executive authorities.
Troubles increased since the government and its council were English however led a mostly French assembly, which generated political pressure and also rebellions. The ideas of unification soon appeared nonetheless it was not until 1840 that they were raised as legislation. Both colonies quickly merged in the state of Canada, ruled by the completely new Parliament of Canada as being the only legal body.
Last but not least, it obtained its self-government in 1867 and its autonomy in 1931, continuing to be a Commonwealth empire. And also, Newfoundland, which was right up until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined up with Canada in 1949.
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